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Bharat, Shalini
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Designation Professor , Deputy Director (Academic) , Program Director , Saksham (GFATM-Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and Malaria)
Affiliation Centre for Health and Social Sciences, Deputy Directors Office, Saksham (TB Counselling program)- GFATM, School of Health Systems Studies

D.Phil. (Psychology) Allahabad University

Areas of Interest
  • Health equity, access and gender (special focus on reproductive health)

  • Migration and health related vulnerabilities

  • Social and structural drivers of the HIV epidemic

  • HIV prevention including multipurpose technologies and impact assessment

  • HIV related stigma, discrimination and human rights

  • Human sexuality and sexual health

  • Counseling for HIV and TB

  • Family in the context of social development and change

  • Ethics and health research

  • Qualitative and mixed methods health research

  • Qualitative Research Methodology (MHA/ MPH)

  • Public Health Ethics & Legislation (MPH) co-teacher

  • Qualitative Research Methodology (MPhil)

  • Ethics and Health Research (MPhil)

  • Gold medals (2- University exam, MA)
  • Gold Medal (BSc semester exam)
  • Visiting Faculty, LSE London, 2009
  • Visiting Scholar to US, 2002 (under US Government exchange program)
  • Visiting Faculty, University of Le Havre, France (2002)


Career History
  • 2015 November - Deputy Director (Acad.)

  • 2015 October – Program Director Saksham, TB Counselling component of MCGM, New Funding Model of GFATM (Addl. charge)

  • 2008 August to 2015 November -Professor, Centre for Health & Social Sciences

  • 2012 October- September 2015- National program Director, Saksham, HIV Counselling component to support NACO’s HIV program, round 7 of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB & Malaria (Addl. Charge)

  • 2006 March to 2008 August – Dean, School of Health Systems Studies

  • 2004– 2006 March – Professor & Head Unit for Family Studies

  • 1984- 2004- Various positions, Unit for Family Studies

  • 1982-1983 – Lecturer (Ad hoc), Daulat Ram College, Delhi University

  • Ongoing –from 2010. Knowledge Network Project for HIV Prevention Programmatic Learnings (With Population Council, New Delhi). Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • January 2012. Understanding the Increase in HIV Prevalence Among FSWs Between Two Rounds of IBBA in Mumbai & Thane: An in-depth exploration (With London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London). Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • September 2012. Access and Utilization of Services for Prevention and Management of Infertility in the Public Health Care delivery System in India: A multisite study. Co-PI with National Institute of Research in Reproductive Health, Mumbai and others. UNFPA.

  • August 2010. Impact Assessment of HIV Prevention Response in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra (With London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London and NARI, India). Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • August 2011. HIV Related Stigma Research in India: A Research Compendium. (With S Chakrapani, C-SHARP). UNDP.

  • 2009. Community and the Health Providers’ Perspectives on Male Controlled Biological Option in India (with focus on male circumcision in the context of HIC prevention): An ICMR task force study. (WITH NARI, Pune). Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi.

  • 2009. AIDS Stigma, Gender and Health Consequences in India. National Institutes of Health (NIH), USA ( A collaborative project with University of California at San Francisco, US and National Institute of Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, India).

  • 2009 Demographic Transition of the Parsi Community of India : A study of the familial, marital and socio-psychological dimensionsPart II: A Quantitative study. UNESCO/ PARZOR (Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust).

  • 2008 Migration, mobility and HIV: Assessing the patterns and drivers of migration/ mobility of male migrants and examining the links with HIV risk. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Population Council, New Delhi (in collaboration with other TISS faculty)

  • 2007 Demographic Transition of the Parsi Community of India : A study of the familial, marital and socio-psychological dimensions Part I: A qualitative study. UNESCO/ PARZOR (Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust).

  • 2007 Evolving Peer Treatment Education Approaches in the Networks of PLHA. Population Foundation of India (in collaboration with a TISS faculty)

  • 2004 The Burden of Unwanted Pregnancy: A community based study. Board of Research Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences.

  • 2004 Challenging AIDS Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia – An electronic discussion forum in South Asia (moderated the discussion forum and authored the report). UNAIDS, South Asia Inter- Country Team (SAICT).

  • 2003 The South Asia Political Advocacy Project (SAPA): The Indian Data Base on HIV/AIDS (Behavioural Dimensions). UNAIDS, South Asia Regional Office

  • 2003 Mainstreaming Equity and Access into the Reproductive and Child Health Program of India. Department for International Development (DFID), India.

  • 2003 Social Assessment of Reproductive and Child Health Programme- A study of 5 Indian states. MoH&FW, GoI, New Delhi for DfID

  • 2003 Social Assessment of Reproductive and Child Health Programme- The Mumbai-experience. MoH&FW, GoI, New Delhi for DfID

  • 2001 AIDS Related Discrimination, Stigma and Denial in India. UNAIDS, Geneva.

  • 1998 Facing the Challenge: Household and Community Response to HIV/AIDS in India. UNAIDS, Geneva.



  • 1996 (Edited)- Family measurement in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications.


Journal Special Issue (Ed./Co-ed.)

  • 2013 (April) - HIV Counseling – Empirical evidence from the field. Indian Journal of Social Work, Special Issue (co-editor). Edited with Shubhada Maitra and Anjula Srivastava, 74(2), 151-320. Mumbai: TISS

  • 1998- “AIDS in Asia and the Pacific” 2nd Edition, Special Issue for the Journal AIDS. 12(B), Associate Editor with J. Kaldor, T. Brown and R. Chan. London: Lippincott-Raven, Pub.


Special Reports

  • 2001 India: HIV and AIDS-related Discrimination, Stigmatisation and Denial. UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, Key Material, Geneva : UNAIDS. (World release by UNAIDS, Executive Director, P. Piot at the Durban Conference against Racism, 2001).


Articles in Journals & Books

  • 2015 Behera, D., Bharat, S., & Gawde, N.C. Induced abortion practices in an urban Indian slum: Exploring reasons, pathways and experiences. Journal of Family & Reproductive Health, 9(3), 129-135.

  • 2015 Kongelf, A; Bandewar, S.V.S; Bharat, S., . & Collumbien, M. Is scale-up of community mobilisation among sex workers really possible in complex urban environments? The case of Mumbai, India. PLoS One. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121014, March 26, 2015 (open access journal).

  • 2015 Sharma,V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat S. Health care coverage among long distance truck drivers in India: An evaluation based on Tanahashi model. HIV/AIDS Research & Palliative Care (open access journal), 83-94.

  • 2015 Sharma,V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat S. Association between system reach and exposure to interventions and characteristics of mobile female sex workers in four high HIV prevalence states of India. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(4), 83-95

  • 2015. Sinha, A., Chandhiok, N., Sahay, S., Deb, S., Bharat, S …& Mehendale,S. Male circumcision for HIV prevention In India: Emerging viewpoints and practices of health care providers. AIDS Care, AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1039957

  • 2014 Deshpande, S., & Bharat, S. Sexual partner mixing and differentials in consistent condom use among men who have sex with men in Maharashtra, India. Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2014.972968. 6 Nov 2014

  • 2014 Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen, E., & Ekstrand, M.L. Gender- based attitudes, HIV misconceptions and feelings towards marginalised groups are associated with stigmatisation in Mumbai, India. Journal of Biosocial Science. 10.1017S0021932014000054, 14 Feb 2014

  • 2014. Suryawanshi, D., Mahapatra, B.B., Sharma, V., Anil Kumar, K., Saggurti, N., & Bharat, S. Degree of male mobility as a risk factor for HIV in high In-migration districts of Maharashtra, India. World Journal of AIDS, 2014, 4, 346-355

  • 2014. Sahay S., Nagarajan, K., Mehendale, S., Deb S., Gupta A., Bharat, S., Bhatt, S., Kumar, A.B., Kanthe, V., Sinha, A., & Chnadhiok, N. Community and healthcare providers’ perspectives on male circumcision: A multi-centric qualitative study in India. PLoS ONE 9(3):e91213.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091213

  • 2013. Bharat, S., Mahapatra, B.B., Roy, S., & Saggurti, N. (2013). Are female sex workers able to negotiate condom use with male clients? The case of mobile FSWs in four high prevalence states of India. Plos One, 8(6), e68043

  • 2013. Malave, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen, E., Bharat, S., & Ekstrand, M.L. Differences in testing, stigma and perceived consequences of stigmatisation among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in Bengaluru, India. AIDS Care. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2013.819409 (July 2013, 1-9)

  • 2012. Bharat, S. Perception of AIDS in Mumbai: A study of low income communities. In Dalal, A.K. & Misra, G. Eds. New Directions in Health Psychology, pp. 409-428. New Delhi: Sage.

  • 2012. Guha, M., Baschieri,. A., Bharat, S., Bhatnagar, T., Sane., S., Godbole, S., ...& Collumbien,M. (2012). Risk reduction and perceived collective efficacy and community support among female sex workers in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra: The importance of context. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Doi 10.1136/jech 2011-20562

  • 2012. Steward W., Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen E., Ekstrand M . Stigma is associated with delays in seeking care among HIV -infected people in India. Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care. DOI: 10.1177/1545109711432315

  • 2011. Bharat, S. A systematic review of HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination in India: Current understanding and future needs. SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 8(3), 138-149.

  • 2011. Ekstrand, M., Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., & Heylen, E. Blame, symbolic stigma and HIV misconceptions are associated with support for coercive measures in urban India. AIDS & Behaviour, doi 10.1007/s10461-011-9888z (published online 03 February 2011)

  • 2008- Niranjan, S., Verma, R., Halli, S., Anil Kumar and Bharat S. HIV risk behaviour among male contracted and non-contracted migrant workers in India: potential role of labour contractors and contractual system in HIV prevention. AIDS, 22 Suppl 5, S1-S10

  • 2008- Steward W.T, Herek, G, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Chandy S, Wrubel J, & Ekstrand M.L. HIV related stigma: Adapting a theoretical framework for use in India. Social Science and Medicine, 67, 1225-1235

  • 2008- Bharat, S. Population movement and health related vulnerabilities: Focus on reproductive health and HIV epidemic. In K.N. Bhatt (ed.) Population, environment and health: Emerging issues. Sage publications.

  • 2007 - Bharat, S. and Mahendra, V. Meeting the sexual and reproductive heath needs of people living with HIV: Challenges for health providers, Reproductive Health Matters, 15 (29).

  • 2007 - Mahendra, V., Gilborn, L., Bharat, S., George, B., Samson, L., Mudoi, R., Jadav, S., Gupta, I., Daly C., and Pulerwitz, J. Understanding and measuring AIDS-related stigma in health care settings: A development country perspective. Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 4 (2), 2007.

  • 2005 Bharat, S. Racism and HIV/AIDS. In K. Boyle (ed.) Dimensions of Racism. Geneva: OHCHR

  • 2003 - Bharat, S. Capacity building for research on sexual behaviour and sexuality: The Indian experience. In G. Herdt, di Mauro, R. Parker (Eds.). Handbook of sexuality research training initiatives. New York: Social Science Research Council.

  • 2002- Bharat, S. Community responses to HIV/AIDS in Mumbai city. In S. Panda, A. Chatterjee, A.S. Abdul – Quader (Eds.), Living with the AIDS Virus: The epidemic and the response in India. New Delhi: Sage Publication.

  • 2002 – Bharat,S. Women, Work and Family in Urban India: Towards New Families? In Berry, J.W., Mishra, R.C. & Tripathi, R.C. (Eds.), Psychology in Human and Social Development. New Delhi: Sage Publication.

  • 2001- D’Cruz, P., & Bharat, S. Which way to turn? Inadequacies in the health care system in India. Journal of Health Management, 3(1), 85-125.

  • 2001- Bharat, S. Perception of AIDS in Mumbai: A study of Low Income Communities. Psychology and Developing Societies, 12(1), 43-65, Sage Publication.

  • 2001- D’Cruz, P., & Bharat, S. Beyond Joint and Nuclear: The Indian Family Revisited. Journal of Comparative Family Studies. XXXII (2). 167-194.

  • 2001- D’Cruz, P., & Bharat, S. Towards methodological rigour in the study of the family: Problems and prospects. Psychology and Developing Societies, 13(1), 71-91

  • 2000Bharat, S. On the periphery: Psychology of gender. In J. Pandey (Ed.) Psychology in India Revisited: Development in the Discipline. Vol. 3, (ICSSR Decade Review in Psychology). New Delhi: Sage Publication.

  • 1999- Bharat, S., & Aggleton, P. Facing the challenge: Household response to HIV/AIDS in Mumbai, India. AIDS Care, 11 (1), 31-44.

  • 1998 - Bharat, S., Singhanetra – Renard & Aggleton, P. Household and community response to HIV/AIDS in Asia: The case of Thailand and India. AIDS 12 (suppl.B) S117-S122.

  • 1998- Household and community responses to HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Critical Public Health, 8(4), 311-328. (With I. Warwick, R. Castro, S. Bharat, and Others)

  • 1997- Bharat, S. Family socialization of the Indian child. Trends in Social Science Research, 4(1), 201-216.

  • 1996- Bharat, S. Female socialization for reproductive roles: Implications for HIV/AIDS prevention. Perspectives, 3, 11-12.

  • 1996Bharat, S. Family measurement in India, In S. Bharat (Ed.) Family Measurement in India. New Delhi: Sage Publication.

  • 1996 Bharat, S. Indian instruments for assessment in family and marriage: A compilation of annotated abstracts. Family measurement in India 219-300. New Delhi: Sage Publication.

  • 1995- Bharat, S. HIV/AIDS and the family: Issues in care and support. The Indian Journal of Social Work. 56 (2), 175-194.

  • 1995- Bharat, S. Attitudes and sex-role perceptions among working couples in India. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 26(3), 371-388.

  • 1994 – Bharat, S. Case Study of the Development of Child adoption in India. The Save the Children Fund, UK.

  • 1994 Bharat, S. Perception of Indian women: A Comparison of career and non-career women. Psychologia, 37(1).

  • 1994Bharat, S. Normative family patterns: Correlates, changes, and implications (PP 42-60). In M. Desai (ed.) Enhancing the role of the family as an agency for social and economic development. Bombay: TISS.

  • 1994Bharat, S. Alternate family patterns and policies (pp. 72-1170. In M. Desai (ed.) Enhancing the role of the family as an agency for social and economic development, Bombay: TISS.

  • 1993 - Bharat, S. Psychological assessment in family studies. Psychological Studies. 38(3), 114-118.

  • 1991 - Bharat, S. Research on families structure and problems in India: An introduction. In S. Bharat (Ed.), Research on families with problems in India, 1, Co-authored with M. Desai.

  • 1991 Bharat, S. - Research on family structure and problems: Reviews, implications and suggestions. In S. Bharat (Ed.). Research on families with problems in India, 1, 33-67. Bombay: TISS.

  • 1991 - Bharat, S. Research on families with problems in India: Utility, limitations and future directions. In M. Desai (Ed.), Research on families with problems in India. 2, 545-560. Bombay: TISS.

  • 1989 - Bharat, S. National Seminar on Research on Families with Problems in India. A Report. The Indian Journal of Social Work, 50 (4) with M. Desai.

  • 1989 - Bharat, S. Psychological services in school social work. The Indian Journal of Social Work, 50(4), 451-457.

  • 1988 - Bharat, S. Children of single parents in a slum community. The Indian Journal of Social Work, 49(4). 367-376.

  • 1988 - Bharat, S. Single parent families - consequences for single parents. The Indian Journal of Social Work, 49(3), 227-238.

  • 1986 - Bharat, S. Single parent family in India: Issues and Implications. The Indian Journal of Social Work, 47(1), 55-65.

  • 1985 – Sinha,D., & Bharat, S. Three types of Family Structure and Psychological Differentiation: A study among the Jaunsar-Bawar Society. International Journal of Psychology. 20, 693-708.

  • 1982 - Bharat, S. Family experiences and psychological differentiation. In R. Rath, H.S. Asthana, D. Sinha and J.B.P. Sinha (Eds.). Diversity and Unity in Cross-cultural psychology Lisse: Swets and Zeitlinger.

  • 1981 - Bharat, S. Socialisation, family and psychological differentiation (pp.41-54). In D. Sinha (Ed.), Socialization of the Indian Child. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Co.

Monographs/ Reports

  • 2014 Bharat, S., & Chakrapani, V. Research compendium: HIV Related Stigma Research in India: Current knowledge, gaps and recommendations. New Delhi: UNDP

  • 2014 Chakrapani, V & Bharat, S. Getting to Zero? A national survey on HIV Related Stigma and Discrimination in urban India. New Delhi: UNDP

  • 2013. Bharat, S. Family as the Centre of Health Development: Some sociological considerations. WHO/SEARO.

  • 2001 - Situational Assessment of Sexual Health in India: An implementation package with H. Lambert, H. Grosskurth, S. Jaswal, G. Daveysmith and S. Panda. Department of International Development, New Delhi.

Additional Info

Currently serve on the advisory/ technical committees of several organisations including ICMR, NARI, NACO, PHFI, MGM Institute of Health; Board member of India AIDS Alliance; Research Ethics Committee, FMR; Book Reviews Editorial team of Culture, Health & Sexuality Journal; Past memberships on Technical Committees include: Mission Steering Group of the NRHM, Min of Health & Family Welfare, GoI; National Health Systems Resource Centre, MH&FW; Aids 2031; STRIVE (LSHTM), ICMR Task Force Group on Male Circumcision; Editorial team of AIDS Care; among others. Served as Team member on the internationally constituted committee ‘Independent Review Group’ for the Review of the Implementation of National HIV programme of the Government of Papua New Guinea constituted by UNAIDS, AusAid and World Bank. (2007-2012); Member, Rapporteurs Team for Track D (Social and political Research, Law, policy and Human Rights), 20th International AIDS conference, Melbourne, Australia, July 2014; among others. Served on Technical review committees of several International conferences on HIV/AIDS.