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Dr Geetanjoy Sahu

Associate Professor , Mumbai campus

Chairperson - Centre for Science, Technology and Society, School of Habitat Studies

M.A. (Berhampur),
M.Phil. (Hyderabad Central University),
Ph.D. (ISEC, Bangalore)

Geetanjoy Sahu is an Associate Professor at the Centre for Science, Technology & Society, School of Habitat Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai. His research and teaching interests include environmental jurisprudence, environmental regulation and policy, land and forest rights, the political economy of public policy implementation, and environmental movements. 

He earlier served as a Post-Doctoral Associate at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development (CISED), Bengaluru. He holds PhD in Political Science from the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bengaluru and MPhil from the Hyderabad Central University (HCU), Hyderabad. In 2010, he was selected for the Erasmus Mundus (EMEA) Scholarship from European Union and was associated with the Urban and Regional Planning and Geo-Information Department, ITC, the Netherlands as a Visiting Fellow. He was awarded the Justice E S Venkataramaiah Memorial Prize in recognition for his best PhD Thesis in Public Administration for the period 2005-2009 at the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore, 2010. In 2007, he was awarded SARAi Fellowship from the Centre for the Study of Developing Society (CSDS), New Delhi as a young PhD student to work on Urban Environmental issues. He received the best research paper presentation award at the Indian Environmental Congress, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala in 2004. His PhD research work was supported by the Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR), New Delhi from 2003-2006. He qualified National Educational Test (NET) for lectureship in Political Science in 2003.

He served as a member of various government committees in different capacities. He was one of the members of Chhattisgarh Government's task force on evaluation of forest rights act in 2021. He was a member of the Environmental Sub-Group of the Kerala State Planning Commission in Preparing the Draft Paper for the 13th Planning Commission, Government of Kerala in 2016. Also, served as the Chairperson of the Forest Rights Act Implementation Sub-Group of the Kerala Planning Commission in Preparing the Draft Paper for the 14th Planning Commission, Government of Kerala in 2021. He was one of the members of the task force of the Chhattisgarh Government to draft the recommendation for the effective implementation of the Forest Rights Act in 2021. He was part of the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Government of India, New Delhi Committee to discuss the requirement of notification to make the accreditation system for environmental consultants in India mandatory or not in 2016. and also a member of the Department of Planning and Development, Government of Odisha, Committee to discuss planning activities for the State of Odisha (2013-2014). He has been closely associated with the forest rights and environmental justice networks in South Asia. 






Environmental Jurisprudence and Politics

Environmental Law, Regulation and Tribunal

Land and Forest Rights

Rural Development and Livelihood

Public Policy Implementation and Governance

Social Movements and Litigation




Publication Details

A. Book

Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Environmental Jurisprudence and the Supreme Court: Litigation, Interpretation and Implementation, Orient BlackSwan Publication Ltd., New Delhi

 B. Refereed Journal Articles

Geetanjoy Sahu and Ritwick Dutta (2021), The Green Tribunal in India After Ten Years: From Ascendancy to Crisis, Economic & Political Weekly. 25th December, Vol. LVI, No.52

Geetanjoy Sahu and Sharachchandra Lele (2021), Environmental Regulation and Governance, Economic & Political Weekly. 25th December, Vol. LVI, No.52

 Ashwarya R.S. Chauhan and Geetanjoy Sahu (2021), Revisiting Environmental Impact Assessment Laws in India vis-a- vis Draft Environmental Impact Assessment Notification 2020, Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol-82, No-3, July-September.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2020), The Genesis, Process and Implications of the Forest Rights Act, 2006, Review of Agrarian Studies, Volume-10, Number-2, July-December.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2020), Implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Rights) Act 2006 in Jharkhand: Problems and Challenges, Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Sage Publication.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2020), Implementation of Community Forest Rights: Experiences from Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra, Economic & Political Weekly, Month-2nd May, Volume-LV, No-18

Divya Gupta, Sharachchandra Lele & Geetanjoy Sahu (2020), Promoting a responsive state: The role of NGOs in decentralized forest governance in India, Forest Policy & Economics, Available at this link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1aOnu4y2D1SJMm

Geetanjoy Sahu, Mrinalini Paul & Vijay Dethe (2019), Socioeconomic Benefits of Community Forest Rights: A Case Study of Pachgaon in Chandrapur Districts of Maharashtra, Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol-80, Issue-4, October

Isha Naaz & Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Revisiting Governance of Van Panchayats: Experiences from Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol-80, Issue-4, October

Uttam Kumar Sahoo & Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Twelve Years Later: Implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006, Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol-80, Issue-4, October

Geetanjoy Sahu (2017), Remembering Justice P N Bhagwati, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol.52, Issue no- 30, 29th July.

Geetanjoy Sahu, Tushar Dash & Sanghamitra Dubey (2017), Political Economy of Community Forest Rights, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol.53, Issue no- 25-26, 24th June.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2016), Impact of the National Green Tribunal on Environmental Governance in India: An Analysis of Methods and Perspectives, Journal of Environmental Law, Policy and Development, Issue-3, March, pp-28-56

Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Workers of Alang-Sosiya: A Survey of Working Conditions in a Ship-Breaking Yard, 1983-2013, Economic & Political Weekly, December 13, vol xlIX , no 50, pp 52-59

Armin Rosencraz & Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Assessing the National Green Tribunal after Four Years, Journal of Indian Law and Society, Vol. 5 : Monsoon, pp: 191-200

Ratoola Kundu & Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Selective Inclusions and Exclusions Land-Use Planning and Development in Ratnagiri, Economic & Political Weekly, November, 29, vol xlix no 48, pp 69-76

Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Why the Underdogs Came Out Ahead An Analysis of the Supreme Court’s Environmental Judgments, 1980-2010, Economic & Political Weekly, 25th January, vol xlix, No.4

Geetanjoy Sahu (2011), The Implementation of Environmental Judgments, India Law News, American Bar Association of International Law, Vol.2, Issue 4, Fall 2011

Geetanjoy Sahu & Michelle Chawla (2011), Environmental Movement in Dahanu, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol - XLVI No. 49, December 03

Colin Gonsalves & Geetanjoy Sahu (2011), Litigating Against Corporations for Human Rights”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 46 No. 14 April 02 - April 08

Geetanjoy Sahu (2010), Implementation of Environmental Judgments in Context: A Comparative Analysis of Dahanu Thermal Power Plant Pollution Case in Maharashtra and Vellore Leather Industrial Pollution Case in Tamil Nadu, Law, Environment and Development (LEAD), International Environmental Legal Research Centre, London, December.

Geetanjoy Sahu & Armin Rosencranz (2009), Court Appointed Monitoring Committees: The Case Study of Dahanu Taluka Environmental Protection Authority, Law, Environment and Development (LEAD), International Environmental Legal Research Centre, London, No. 5/2, December.

Armin Rosencranz & Geetanjoy Sahu (2009), National Green Tribunal Bill, 2009: Suggestions for Improvement, Economic and Political Weekly, November 30-07 December.

Armin Rosencranz, Geetanjoy Sahu & Vyom Raghuvanshi (2009),Whither the National Environmental Appellate Authority! Economic and Political Weekly, August 29-03 September.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2008), Public Interest Environmental Litigations in India: Contributions and Complications, Indian Journal of Political Science, October-December.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2008), Green Courts in India, Journal of National Law University, Lucknow, Vol.1, October.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2008), Implications of Indian Supreme Court’s Innovations for Environmental Jurisprudence, Law, Environment and Development (LEAD), International Environmental Legal Research Centre, London, Vol.4, No. 1.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2008), Mining in Niyamgiri Hills and Tribal Rights, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XLIII, No. 15, April 12-18.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2006), Environmental Governance in India, ICFAI Journal of Environmental Law, July-Sept

K S Narayanan & Geetanjoy Sahu (2004), Electoral Reforms towards Strengthening the Democratic Process in India, Journal of Administrative Process, Volume XXXI, No.2, July-December.

C. Chapters in Edited Volume

Geetanjoy Sahu (2020), Environment Movement and the Indian Judiciary, in Manisha Rao et.al 'Reframing the Environment: Resources, Risk and Resistance in Neoliberal India, Routledge India

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Mining, Forest Rights and Tribals: Beyond The Vedanta Case, in Philippe Cullet et.al Handbook on Environment, Law and Poverty, UK: Edward Elgar.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2018), Rethinking Environmental Regulation in India in Madhushree Sekher, S Parasuraman & Ruth Kattumuri (eds.) Governance and Governed: Multi-Country Perspectives on State, Society and Development, Springer Singapore

Sharachchandra Lele & Geetanjoy Sahu (2017) Environmental Governance in Future India: Principles, Structures and Pathways in Ashish Kothari and K J Joy (eds.) India Future, Authors UpFront, New Delhi

Geetanjoy Sahu (2012), Judicialisation of Environmental Governance and its Implications, in Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Kanchan Chopra and Nilanjan Ghosh (eds.) Environmental Governance: Approaches, Imperatives and Methods, New Delhi: Bloomsbury Publisher

Madhushree Sekhar and Geetanjoy Sahu (2011), Community Based Environmental Governance and Local Justice, in Global Civil Society Yearbook, 2010-2011, UK: Palgrave Publication Limited.

D. Newspaper and Popular Journal Articles

Lekshmi M, Anup Kumar Samal and Geetanjoy Sahu (2021), 15 Years of FRA: What Trends in Forest Rights Claims and Recognition Tells Us, 22nd December, The Wire. 

Geetanjoy Sahu (2021), Expedite climate action, focus on protected areas: What Bhupendra Yadav should map out, Down To Earth, 16th July

Geetanjoy Sahu (2021), Why States Should Emulate Maharashtra on Kendu Leaf Deregulation, The Wire, 8th July

Sara Costa and Geetanjoy Sahu (2020), The Ship Recycling Industry Must Move Towards a Sustainable Future, 3rd August, The Wire

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Aarey Protest: The Life of A Forest, India Today Magazine, 21st October

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Whither The National Green Tribunal, Down To Earth, 23rd September

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Forest Rights Act: A Litmus Test For Government to Protect Forest Dwellers, Down To Earth, 25th July

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), 10 interventions government must make to protect forest rights, Down To Earth, 3rd June

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), 'Progressive' Maharashtra governor must step in to save tribal land, rights, Down To Earth, 29th April

Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Wildlife and Forest Rights Groups Have Shared Interests. Why Don't They Work Together?, The Wire, 24th January

Paul Fernandes, Bikash Kumar Sahoo and Geetanjoy Sahu (2018), Has Farmers' March Impacted the Implementation of Forest Rights Act in Maharashtra? The Wire, 22nd October

Isha Naaz & Geetanjoy Sahu (2018), The Panchayats Meant to Protect Uttarakhand's Forests Are Under Threat, The Wire, 19th July

Geetanjoy Sahu (2018), Minor Forest Produce, Major Returns, Indian Express, 11th June

Geetanjoy Sahu & Asavari Raj Sharma (2018), India Has Recognised Forest Rights but Intervention Is Still Necessary, The Wire, 1st May.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2018), A Path Through The Forest, The Indian Express, 19th March

Geetanjoy Sahu (2018), Ecocide by Design? Under Modi, Vacancies At National Green Tribunal Reach 70%, The Wire, 17th February

Samriddhi and Geetanjoy Sahu (2018) Off the mark: National Crime Records Bureau data gives a misleading picture of environmental crime, Scroll.in, 2nd January

Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Thirty Years After Bhopal Gas Tragedy: Environmental Injustice Continues, The Statesman, 4th December

Armin Rosencranz, Ayesha Khan & Geetanjoy Sahu (2011), How effective are Environmental PILs? Down To Earth, November 15.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2004), Institutional Transformation in India: With Special Reference to Changing Role of Judiciary, Young Indian, August 21-27, 2004.

Geetanjoy Sahu (2004), Relevance of Judicial Activism in India, Young Indian, March 6-12.

E. Book Review

Geetanjoy Sahu (2015), The Coal Nation: Histories, Ecologies and Politics of Coal in India edited by Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2014; pp 348, Economic & Political Weekly, February 21, vol l no 8, pp 29-31

F. Working/Discussion Paper & Project Reports

Geetanjoy Sahu, Paul Sylvester Fernandes, Anuja Anil Date, Jay Dongare, Hemant Patange (2019), Compendium of Orders, Circulars, Resolutions and Notifications of Maharashtra Government in the Post-Forest Rights Act Enactment Phase From 2008-2018, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai

Uttam K Sahoo & Geetanjoy Sahu (2019), Trends and Directions in the Implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 After Twelve Years, Centre for Science, Technology & Society, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai

Geetanjoy Sahu, Aindrila Ganguly and Abhilash Toppo (2018), Promise and Performace: Status of FRA in Jharkhand, Centre for Science, Technology & Society, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai

Geetanjoy Sahu & Prerna Chaurashe (2016), Community Forest Resource Management Plans in Gondia District of Maharashtra: An Analysis of Process and Impact, Centre for Science, Technology & Society, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai

Geetanjoy Sahu (2013), Environmental Regulatory Authorities in India: An Assessment of State Pollution Control Boards, Centre for Science, Technology & Society, School of Habitat Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai

Geetanjoy Sahu (2014), Assessment of Working and Living Conditions of Workers in Hazardous Industries- A Study of Alang-Sosiya Ship Breaking Industries, Gujarat, Supported by the National Human Rights Commission, New Delhi

Land Conflicts in India: An Interim Analysis (2016), Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai and Rights and Resource Initiative (RRI), Washington, (Co-authored)

Geetanjoy Sahu (2007), People’s Participation in Environmental Protection, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Working Paper Series, No. 180, 2007


G. Book Proposal Submitted

The National Green Tribunal: Nature, Process and Impact of Environmental Judgments, (Book Synopsis Accepted by Orient BlackSwan Private Ltd.), Manuscript Submission is due in March 2021.













(1) Analysis of Interface of Land and Forest Laws in Odisha and Maharashtra (Since January 2020-continuing)

(2) Enhancing Green Economy in Asia-EGEA Project in three Asian Countries (Since January 2019-continuing)

(3) Community Forest Resource Management and Governance in Jharkhand (Since September 2017-continuing)

(4) Forest Rights Act Implementation and Its Implications on Livelihood and Sustainability of Forest: Experiences from Odisha, Jharkhand and Maharashtra  (Since September 2016-Continuing)

(5) Governance Challenges for the Implementation of Workers’ Rights in Hazardous Industries: A Study of Alang-Sosiya Ship-Breaking Yard, Gujarat ( April 2013-December 2014)

(6) Environmental Regulatory Authorities in India: A Study of State Pollution Control Boards (April 2012-March 2013)

(7) Land Use Pattern in Coastal Areas: A Study of Ratnagiri Town in Maharashtra under the Urban India Research Facility Project on Small and Medium Towns in India (September 2011-September 2013)

(8) Environmental Justice through Court Appointed Committees, (2009) in collaboration with The Access Initiative (TAI) Partner, New Delhi

(9) Impact of Environmental Judgments at the Implementation Level, at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development (CISED), Bangalore (project completed in June 2009), funded by the Ford Foundation, New Delhi

(10) Laying the Foundation for Urban India Reforms Facility (UIRF), at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai (July 2009-September 2011)

(11) Database on Environmental Litigation in India (2008-2009) for the Centre for Development Finance (CDF), Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR), Chennai



Global Environmental Governance

Natural Resource Governance in India

Environmental Law and Regulation

Environmental Impact Assessment

Public Policy and Governance

Foundation Course- Idea of India


Email: geetanjoy[at]tiss[dot]edu

Phone Number-022-25525375, 5377