PhD (Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands), MA (Development studies), TISS Mumbai
I am an Assistant Professor at Centre for Labour Studies, School of Management and Labour Studies at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. I hold PhD (magna cum laude) from the European Doctorate in Law & Economics program, provided jointly by Hamburg, Rotterdam and Bologna and Masters in Development Studies from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.
Broadly speaking, my research intervenes in the areas of Labour Economics, Economic Analysis of Laws, Development Economics, Future of Work, Informal Economy, Precarious Employment, Economics of Inequality and Discrimination, Industrial Relations and Econometrics. I am an economist by training, but I draw upon work from an interdisciplinary approach of social sciences for my research and teaching. I teach courses in several fields of Labour Studies, Empirical Legal Studies, Development Economics and Quantitative Research Methods.
To know more about my work and interests, please see the links to Google Scholar Page. You can contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Labour Economics, Development Economics, Future of Work, Industrial Relations, Labour Laws, Theory of Firm, Economics of Inequality and Discrimination, Law and Economics, Empirical Legal Studies, Labour Studies, Institutional Economics and Applied Econometrics
Evidence-Based Policy Responses to COVID-19 Challenges
On Layoffs and Job Losses:
1. Sapkal, Rahul (2020): “Saving Jobs and Averting Lay-offs amidst COVID-19 Lockdown”, Economic and Political Weekly, Available at (https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/19/commentary/savingjobs-and-averting-lay-offs-amidst-covid-19.html)
2. Sapkal, Rahul (2020); “Safeguarding labourers during Covid-19”, The Hindu Business Line, published on 7th May, 2020. Available at (https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/safeguarding-labourers-during-covid-19/article31528449.ece )
On Labour Law Changes:
3. Sapkal, Rahul and K R Shyam Sundar (2020): “Knee-Jerk Responses and Political Slugfests Won't Solve the Problems of Migrant Workers” , The Wire, published on 1st June, 2020. Available at (https://thewire.in/labour/migrant-workers-problem-knee-jerk-responses)
4. Sapkal, Rahul (2020): “Crushing Labour Laws Amidst Successive Industrial Accidents Is Serious Insult to Injury”, The Wire, published on 12th May, 2020. Available at (https://thewire.in/labour/labour-law-reforms-industrial-accidents)
5. Sapkal, Rahul and K R Shyam Sundar (2020): “Changes to Labour Laws by State Governments Will Lead to Anarchy in the Labour Market”, EPW Engage, Vol. 55, Issue No. 23, 06 Jun, 2020. Available at (https://www.epw.in/engage/article/changes-labour-laws-state-market-anarchy-labour-market)
6. Sapkal, Rahul (2020): “The Road to Modern Serfdom”, The Indian Legal Magazine, published on 23 May, 2020, Available at ( https://www.indialegallive.com/top-news-of-the-day/the-road-to-modern-serfdom)
On COVID-19 and Lockdown:
7. Sapkal, Rahul, Divita Shandilya and K T Suresh (2020): “Workers in the Time of COVID-19: Evidence from A Rapid Assessment in Bihar”, Available at (“http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Workers-in-the-Time-of-COVID-19-l-Rapid-Assessment-in-Bihar-Final.pdf)
8. Sapkal, Rahul, Divita Shandilya and K T Suresh (2020): “Surviving in the Time of Lockdown: Evidence from a Rapid Assessment in Bihar” The Wire, published on 30th May, 2020. Available at (https://thewire.in/rights/surviving-in-the-time-of-lockdown-evidence-from-a-rapid-assessment-in-bihar)
9. Sapkal, Rahul, Divita Shandilya and K T Suresh (2020): “Short-Term Economic Consequences of COVID-19 Lockdown: Empirical Evidence from India” (Revised and Resubmitted), World Development, Elsevier,
10. Lingam Lakshmi and Rahul Sapkal (2020): “COVID-19, Physical Distancing and Social Inequalities: Are we all really in this together?” The International Journal of Community and Social Development (Forthcoming) Sage Journals
On Child and Adolescent Labourers:
11. Sapkal, Rahul and Priti Mahara: “In Shattered Post-Lockdown Economy, Govt Must Keep a Strict Eye on Child Labour”, The Wire, published on 16th June, 2020. Available at (https://thewire.in/rights/india-child-labour-lockdown-covid-19)
12. Sapkal, Rahul (2020): “Covid-19 & Child Labour: No Country for Children” (Special Story), The India Legal Magazine, published on 22nd June, 2020. Available at (https://www.indialegallive.com/special-story/covid-19-child-labour-no-country-for-children)
13. Exclusive Interview on Rising Incidence of Child Labour : Demand for Cheap Labour in Cities Post Covid-19 Could See More Children Being Forced to Work (Available at (https://www.news18.com/news/india/demand-for-cheap-labour-post-covid-19-could-see-more-children-being-forced-to-work-tiss-professor-2642449.html) published on 29th May, 2020)
14. Sapkal, Rahul, Upamanyu Sengupta and Ashok Chikte (2020): “India’s Digital Divide”, The Indian Legal Magazine, published on 5th June 2020, Available at (https://www.indialegallive.com/special-story/indias-digital-divide)
Sapkal, Rahul and K R Shyam Sundar (2019). Labour Laws and Governance Reforms in the Post-Reform Period in India: Missing the Middle Ground, Essays in Honour of Prof. K P Chellaswamy, Synergy Books Publication, New Delhi. ISBN: 978-93-5258-11
Published Research Articles in Journals:
1. Sapkal, Rahul and K.R. Shyam Sundar (2019). Impact of Inflow of Foreign Direct Investment on Labour Market Outcomes: Empirical Evidence from India, The Empirical Economics Letters, Vol. 18(11), pp-84-106. [ABDC- C]
2. Sapkal, Rahul and K.R. Shyam Sundar (2019). Wage Disadvantage of Contract Workers in Indian Manufacturing Sector, The Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol 54(3), pp. 377-395. [ABDC- C]
3. Sapkal, Rahul and K.R. Shyam Sundar (2017). Determinants of Precarious Employment in India: Empirical Evidence from India, in Arne L. Kalleberg , Steven P. Vallas (ed.) Precarious Work (Research in the Sociology of Work), Vol. 31(1) Emerald Publishing, pp.335-361. [ABDC- C]
4. Shyam Sunder K.R. and Sapkal, Rahul (2017). Labour Law and Governance Reforms and Protests – Are They Legitimate?, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. LII (38), pp. 59-66. (Special Article) [ABDC- B]
5. Sapkal, Rahul (2017). From Mother to Daughter: Do Equal Inheritance Property Laws Reform Improves Female Labour Supply and Educational Attainments in India?, Asian Journal of Law and Economics, De Gruyter, Vol. 8(1), pp. 1-36. [ABDC- C]
6. Sapkal, Rahul (2016). Labour Law, Enforcement And The Rise Of Temporary Contract Workers: Empirical Evidence From India’s Organised Manufacturing Sector, European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, Vol. 42(1), pp.157-182. [ABDC- C]
Published Articles in Edited Books:
1. Shyam Sunder K.R. and Sapkal, Rahul (2019). Trade Unions and Globalizing India: Towards a More Inclusive Workers’ Movement?, in “Unions and Worker Representation in Asia in an Era of Globalisation” edited by Russell Lansbury, Byoung-Hoon Lee and Ng Sek-hong, Routledge UK. pp 183-214.
2. Sapkal, Rahul and Nilamber Chettri (2019). Precarious Work, Globalisation and Informalisation of Workforce: Empirical Evidence from India, in “Globalization, Labour Market Institutions, Processes and Policies in India Essays in Honour of Prof. L K Deshpande”, edited by K R Shyam Sundar Palgrave McMillan, Singapore, pp 143-164.
3. Sapkal, Rahul and Daksha Parmar (2019). State, Market and Labour: A Dalit Perspective in “Perspectives on Neoliberalism, Labour and Globalization in India Essays in Honour of Prof. L K Deshpande” edited by K R Shyam Sundar Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore, pp 299-322.
4. Sapkal, Rahul (2018). A Note on Labour Market Flexibility Debate in India: A Meta-Analysis of Empirical Studies, in “Contemporary Reforms of Labour Market and Industrial Relations System in India: Ease of Doing Business versus Labour Rights”, edited by K R Shyam Sundar, Academic Foundation, New Delhi, pp: 162-198.
5. Sapkal, Rahul. (2017). To Conciliate or (not) to Conciliate: Empirical Evidence from Labour Disputes in India, in Ranita Nagar, P.M. Murali Prasad & Pavan Mamidi (ed.) “Law & Economics: Breaking New Grounds”, Ch.14, Eastern Book Company, pp. 245-272.
Published Book Reviews:
1. Sapkal, Rahul (2019). Book Review- Everyday Economics: A Guide to the Modern Economy by Steve Coulter Agenda Publishing, published in British Journal of Industrial Relation, Vol 58(2), pp.461-465.
2. Sapkal, Rahul (2018). Book Review- Demand for Labor: The Neglected Side of the Market, (IZA Prize in Labor Economics) Hardcover Daniel S. Hamermesh (Author), Corrado Giulietti (Editor), Klaus F. Zimmermann (Editor) Oxford University Press (2017) published in British Journal of Industrial Relation, Vol 56(2), pp.454-456.
3. Sapkal, Rahul (2011). Book Review –Dalits in India: Search for a Common Destiny, by Prof. Sukhadeo Thorat Sociological Bulletin, Vol. 60(1), pp. 167-169.
News Paper/Media Writings:
1. Sapkal, Rahul and K R Shyam Sundar, “Few jobs, made worse by poor working conditions”, The Hindu Business Line, published on 19th July, 2019.
2. Sapkal, Rahul and K R Shyam Sundar, “The many misses of the Wage Code”, The Hindu Business Line, published on 14th March, 2018.
3. Shyam Sunder K.R. and Sapkal, Rahul, “Labour Market: Economic Surveys, Budget Legitimize Short-Term Illusory Gains” The Wire, published on 20th February, 2018.
4. Sapkal, Rahul and K R Shyam Sundar , “The Demonetisation of Minimum Wage Law’s”, Livemint Hindustan Times, published on 10th October, 2017.
5. Shyam Sunder K.R. and Sapkal, Rahul “Little about labour, less about jobs”, The Hindu Business Line, published on 2nd February, 2017.
6. Shyam Sunder K.R. and Sapkal, Rahul “Flimsy Argument to Justify Contract Workers”, The Hindu Business Line, published on 24th March 2016.
Ongoing Research Projects:
1. Project title: “Waste Work, Caste Stigma and Urban Precarity: Empirical Evidence from Mumbai and Guwahati Cities of India” funded by ICSSR-IMRESS Major Grants. (In progress- December, 2019- December, 2020- Principal Investigator)
2. Project title: “Impact of Reforms in Labour and Employment Security Laws on Electronics-Consumer Goods Industry in India” funded by CIVIDEEP India, Bangalore and Good Electronics Collectives, Amsterdam The Netherlands. (Completed in August, 2019- Principal Investigator)
3. Project title: " A Legal Analysis of Amendments in the Child & Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 2016: Evidence from Indian Case Laws" funded by Child Rights and You (CRY) India. (Completed in October, 2019- Principal Investigator)
4. Project title: "Assessing the Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Industries Legislative Debate in the Child & Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 2016: Evidence from Indian Case Laws" funded by Child Rights and You (CRY) India. (In progress November-December 2019- Principal Investigator)
4. Project title: “Judicial Quality, Contract Enforcement and Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from India” funded by Azim Premji Research Grants, Azim Premji Foundation, India, awarded on 17th July, 2018. (Ongoing August-May 2018-19 to 2019-20 Principal Investigator )
5. Project title: “Financial Development, Labour and Product Market Regulation and The Growth of Manufacturing Firm: Empirical Evidence from India" funded by Reserve Bank of India 2017 Grant No: RBI/DRC/DEPR/11082017/1462. ( Completed January 2018- Principal Investigator)
Labour Economics [HR 10]; Economics of Wages [GL 10.2]; International Labour Standard, Social Dialogue and Decent Work [GL 12]; Dynamics of Labour Markets in Developing Countries [GL 11]
The site works best on Firefox 30+ Google Chrome 45+ iOS Safari 8+ Internet Explorer 10+ Android 4.2+ Browser / Chrome Browser