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Prof Shalini Bharat

Professor , Director

Centre for Health and Social Sciences , School of Health Systems Studies

D.Phil. (Psychology) Allahabad University

Shalini Bharat is Director and Professor in the School of Health Systems Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. She is also the Program Director, Saksham, the Global Fund supported initiative which implements the TB-HIV Counselling program in Mumbai in collaboration with the Mumbai District TB Control Society. Prior to this, between October 2012 and Septemebr 2015, she headed Saksham, a Global Fund round -7 grant to TISS, as its National Program Director. TISS as the Principal Recepient of the grant implemented the counseling capacity development program for HIV counsellors employed with Government of India’s National AIDS Control Program in partnership with 38 University departments in the country. 

She was the first Dean of the restructured School of Health Systems Studies and served in that capacity from March 2006 to August 2008. Prior to that she was Head of the Research Unit for Family Studies.

She teaches Qualitative Research Methods, Public Health Ethics and Health Research Ethics to postgraduate and doctoral students of the Public Health, and Health and Hospital Administration teaching programs of the School. Deeply committed to improving quality of research and teaching in Indian institutions of higher education, she has been organising capacity building workshops for doctoral students and early career faculty on qualitative research methods and scientific writing, for the past several years as part of her Knowledge Network project with Population Council and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Shalini Bharat’s research has been funded by major national and international funding organisations including Ministry of Health, UNAIDS, National institutes of Health USA, UNDP, World Bank, DFID, UNIFEM, Gates Foundation, Population Council, among others.

She serves on the Scientific Advisory Committees and Technical Review Groups of many national and international organisations and research studies including ICMR, NACO, NIRRH, NARI, MGM Institute, Alliance India, and Ethics review committees of FMR and TISS. She served as Member, Mission Steering Group of National Rural Health Mission, Government of India (2007-2013) and Member of the NHSRC (NRHM’s technical group), Ministry of H&FW, GoI (2007-2012). She was a member of the Independent Review Group for review of national HIV/AIDS program of Papua New Guinea from 2007 to 2012. Currently she is Board member of AIDS Alliance, India.

She has published widely in peer reviewed journals and is the author of the UNAIDS Best Practice Collection/ Key Material titled, “India: HIV and AIDS Related Discrimination, Stigma & Denial” and editor of the ‘Family Measurement in India’ from Sage. She is associated with the editorial board of the Journal Culture, Health & Sexuality.

She is recepeint of two gold medals for standing first in her postgraduate degree program of the University of Alllahabd.

In August 2002 she was invited to visit the US under the International Visitor Program of the American Center, State Department of the US governmrnt in recognition of her HIV related research and advocacy work.

Shalini Bharat has a D.Phil in Psychology from Allahabad University.

Shalini Bharat's research interests include, equity and access issues with special reference to reproductive health; sexuality and sexual health; social and structural drivers of HIV with focus on gender dimensions of HIV and HIV/AIDS related stigma;HIV prevention including multipurpose prevention technologies and HIV impact assessment; vulnerabilities in the context of migration and mobility;Family in the context of social development and change; Ethics and health research; Qualitative and mixed methods health research; and demographic transition among minority communities.

Journal/ Book Articles (2011- 

2015 Chakrapani, V., Newman, P.A., Shanmugham, M., Mengie, S., Verghese, V., Nelson, R., Bharat, S. Acceptability of HIV pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and implementation challenges among MSM in India: A qualitative investigation. AIDS Patient Care & STDs, 29(10), 1-9.

2015 Behera, D., Bharat, S., Gawde, N.C. Induced abortion practices in an urban Indian slum: Exploring reasons, pathways and experiences. Journal of Family & Reproductive Health, 9(3), 129-135.

2015 Sinha A., Chandhiok N., Sahay, S., Deb, S., Bharat, S., Gupta, A., et al. Male circumcision for HIV/AIDS in India: Emerging viewpoints and practices of health care providers. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1039957

2015 Kongelf, A; Bandewar, S.V.S; Bharat, S., & Collumbien, M. Is scale-up of community mobilisation among sex workers really possible in complex urban environments? The case of Mumbai, India. PLoS One. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121014, March 26, 2015 (open access journal).

2015 Sharma,V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat S. Health care coverage among long distance truck drivers in India: An evaluation based on Tanahashi model. HIV/AIDS Research & Palliative Care (open access journal), 83-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S76416.

2015 Sharma,V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat S. Association between system reach and exposure to interventions and characteristics of mobile female sex workers in four high HIV prevalence states of India. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(4), 83-95 

2014 Deshpande, S., & Bharat, S. Sexual partner mixing and differentials in consistent condom use among men who have sex with men in Maharashtra, India. Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2014.972968. 6 Nov 2014

2014 Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen, E., & Ekstrand, M.L. Gender- based attitudes, HIV misconceptions and feelings towards marginalised groups are associated with stigmatisation in Mumbai, India. Journal of Biosocial Science. 10.1017S0021932014000054, 14 Feb 2014

 2014. Suryawanshi, D., Mahapatra, B.B., Sharma, V., Anil Kumar, K., Saggurti, N., & Bharat, S. Degree of male   mobility as a risk factor for HIV in high In-migration districts of Maharashtra, India. World Journal of AIDS, 2014,  4, 346-355

 2014. Sahay S., Nagarajan, K., Mehendale, S., Deb S., Gupta A., Bharat, S., Bhatt, S., Kumar, A.B., Kanthe, V., Sinha, A., & Chnadhiok, N. Community and healthcare providers’ perspectives on male circumcision: A multi-centric qualitative study in India. PLoS ONE 9(3):e91213.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091213

 2013. Bharat, S., Mahapatra, B.B., Roy, S., & Saggurti, N. (2013). Are female sex workers able to negotiate condom use with male clients? The case of mobile FSWs in four high prevalence states of India. Plos One, 8(6), e68043

 2013. Malave, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen, E., Bharat, S., & Ekstrand, M.L. Differences in testing, stigma and perceived consequences of stigmatisation among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in Bengaluru, India. AIDS Care. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2013.819409 (July 2013, 1-9)

2012. Bharat, S. Perception of AIDS in Mumbai: A study of low income communities. In Dalal, A.K. & Misra, G. Eds. New Directions in Health Psychology, pp. 409-428. New Delhi: Sage.

2012. Guha, M., Baschieri,. A., Bharat, S., Bhatnagar, T., Sane., S., Godbole, S., ...& Collumbien,M. (2012). Risk reduction and perceived collective efficacy and community support among female sex workers in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra: The importance of context. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Doi 10.1136/jech 2011-20562

2012. Steward W., Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen E., Ekstrand M . Stigma is associated with delays in seeking care among HIV -infected people in India. Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care. DOI: 10.1177/1545109711432315

2011. Bharat, S. A systematic review of HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination in India: Current understanding and future needs. SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 8(3), 138-149.

2011. Ekstrand, M., Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., & Heylen, E. Blame, symbolic stigma and HIV misconceptions are associated with support for coercive measures in urban India. AIDS & Behaviour, doi 10.1007/s10461-011-9888z (published online 03 February 2011)


Articles, Special Reports and Books

2014 -   Bharat, S., & Chakrapani, V. Research compendium: HIV Related Stigma Research in India: Current knowledge, gaps and recommendations. New Delhi: UNDP

2014  - Chakrapani, V & Bharat, S. Getting to Zero? A national survey on HIV Related Stigma and Discrimination in urban India. New Delhi: UNDP

2001 -   India: HIV and AIDS-related Discrimination, Stigmatisation and Denial. UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, Key Material, Geneva : UNAIDS. (World wide release by UNAIDS, Executive Director, P. Piot at the Durban Conference against Racism, 2001).

1996 (Edited)- Family measurement in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications.


Ongoing (from July, 2010). Knowledge Network Project for HIV Prevention Programmatic Learnings. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (With Population Council, New Delhi).


January, 2012. Understanding the increase in HIV prevalence among FSWs between two rounds of IBBA in Mumbai & Thane: An in-depth exploration. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Completed (with LSHTM, London and others)


September 2012. Access and Utilization of Services for Prevention and Management of   Infertility in the Public Health Care delivery System in India: A multisite study. Co-PI with National Institute of Research in Reproductive Health, Mumbai and others. Funded by UNFPA. Completed.


August, 2010. Impact assessment of HIV prevention response in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. With LSHTM, London & NARI, India. Completed.


August, 2011. HIV Related Stigma Research in India: A Research Compendium. UNDP. Completed

2009. Community and the health providers’ perspectives on male controlled biological option in India (with focus on male circumcision in the context of HIC prevention): An ICMR task force study. (WITH NARI, India-Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi). Completed.


2009 AIDS stigma, gender and health consequences in India. National Institutes of Health (NIH), US ( A collaborative project with University of California at San Francisco, US and National Institute of Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, India).


2009 Demographic transition among the Parsi community of India : A study of the familial, marital and socio-psychological dimensions Part II: A Quantitative study. UNESCO/ PARZOR (Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust).  


2008 Migration, mobility and HIV: Assessing the patterns and drivers of migration/ mobility of male migrants and examining the links with HIV risk. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Population Council, New Delhi (in collaboration with other TISS faculty)


2007 Demographic transition among the Parsi community of India : A study of the familial, marital and socio-psychological dimensions Part I : A qualitative study. UNESCO/ PARZOR (Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust).  

Qualitative Research Methodology

(Master of Health Administration, Master of Hospital Administration, Master of Public Health (Social Epidemiology) and Master of Public Health (Health Policy, Planning and Management)

Public Health Ethics & Legislation (MPH) co-teacher
Qualitative Research Methodology (MPhil)
Health Research Ethics (MPhil)

Email: sbharat[at]tiss[dot]edu



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