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Prof Shalini Bharat

Vice-Chancellor , Director

Centre for Health and Social Sciences , School of Health Systems Studies

M.A., D.Phil. (Psychology) Allahabad University

Dr. Shalini Bharat is Director / Vice-Chancellor of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), and Professor in the Centre for Health and Social Sciences of School of Health Systems Studies, TISS.

She is the Programme Director, Saksham, the Global Fund-supported initiative which implements the TB-HIV Counselling programme in Mumbai in collaboration with the Mumbai District TB Control Society. Prior to this (October 2012 and September 2015), Prof. Bharat headed Saksham, a Global Fund Round-7 grant to TISS, as its National Programme Director.

Prof. Bharat’s research has been funded by major national and international funding organisations including Ministry of Health, UNAIDS, National Institutes of Health USA, UNDP, World Bank, DFID, UNIFEM, Gates Foundation, Population Council, among others. In August 2002, she was invited to visit the US under the International Visitor Program of the American Center, State Department of the US Government in recognition of her HIV-related research and advocacy work.

Prof. Bharat has been organising capacity-building workshops for doctoral students and early career faculty on qualitative research methods and scientific writing, for the past several years as part of her Knowledge Network Project with the Population Council, and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

She serves on the Scientific Advisory Committees and Technical Review Groups of many national and international organisations and research studies including ICMR, NACO, NIRRH, NARI, MGM Institute, Alliance India, and Ethics review committees of FMR and TISS. She served as Member, Mission Steering Group of National Rural Health Mission, Government of India (2007-2013) and Member of the NHSRC (NRHM’s technical group), Ministry of H&FW, GoI (2007-2012). She was a member of the Independent Review Group for review of national HIV/AIDS programme of Papua New Guinea from 2007 to 2012. Currently, she is Board Member of AIDS Alliance, India.

She has published widely in peer reviewed journals and is the author of the UNAIDS Best Practice Collection/ Key Material titled, “India: HIV and AIDS Related Discrimination, Stigma & Denial” and editor of the ‘Family Measurement in India’ from Sage. She is on the editorial board of the Journal Culture, Health & Sexuality.

Prof. Bharat joined TISS in September 1984 and was the first Dean of the restructured School of Health Systems Studies (March 2006 to August 2008). Prior to that she was Head of the Research Unit for Family Studies in TISS.

  • Health equity, access and gender (with focus on reproductive health, women’s & adolescent health)
  • Migration and health-related vulnerabilities
  • Social and structural drivers of the HIV epidemic and HIV prevention research
  • HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights
  • Family in the context of social development and change
  • Demographic transition of minority communities
  • Ethics and health research
  • Qualitative and mixed-methods research methodology


2019. Bharat, S., and Sethi, G. (co-eds.). Health and wellbeing of India’s young people. New Delhi: Springer.

2017. Desai, A.S., and Bharat, S. (Series co-editors). Parsis of India: Continuing at the Crossroads, Volumes I-IV. New Delhi: Sage

2017. Bharat, S., and Desai, A.S. (Co-Editors). The Indian Parsis: Themes Old and New. Volume 1. New Delhi: Sage

2017. Bharat, S. Contemporary Parsis: Marriage, Family and Community. Volume 2. New Delhi: Sage.

1996. Bharat, S. (Ed.)- Family measurement in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Special Reports

2014. Bharat, S., & Chakrapani, V. Research compendium: HIV Related Stigma Research in India: Current knowledge, gaps and recommendations. New Delhi: UNDP

2014. Chakrapani, V & Bharat, S. Getting to Zero? A national survey on HIV Related Stigma and Discrimination in urban India. New Delhi: UNDP

2001. Bharat, S. & P. Aggleton. India: HIV and AIDS-related Discrimination, Stigmatisation and Denial. UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, Key Material, Geneva: UNAIDS. (World wide release by UNAIDS, Executive Director, P. Piot at the Durban Conference against Racism, 2001).

Journal Special Issue (Ed./Co-ed.)

2013. (April) - HIV Counseling – Empirical evidence from the field. Indian Journal of Social Work, Special Issue (co-editor). Edited with Shubhada Maitra and Anjula Srivastava, 74(2), 151-320. Mumbai: TISS (published in Feb 2014)

1998. “AIDS in Asia and the Pacific” 2nd Edition, Special Issue for the Journal AIDS. 12(B), Associate Editor with J. Kaldor, T. Brown and R. Chan. London: Lippincott-Raven, Pub.

Journal Articles/Book chapters (only select publications since 2007-).

2018. Ekstrand, M.L. Bharat, S., and Srinivasan, K. HIV stigma is a barrier to achieving 90-90-90 in India. The Lancet, Vol. 5, October 2018.

2018. Chauhan, S., Unisa, S., Joshi, B., Kulkarni, R., Singh, A., Subramaniam, T., Chaudhuri, R.N., Biashya, A.C., Bharat, S., Patil, A., Pasi, A., Agarwal, D. Capacity assessment of district health system in India on services for prevention and management of infertility. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 43(1), 19-23.

2017. Sharma, V., Suryawanshi, D., Saggurti, N., Bharat, S. Correlates of health care utilization under targeted interventions: The case of female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India. Health Care for women International, DoI: 10. 1080/07399332.2017.1361423,38(11), 1188-1201.

2017. Bharat, S., and Desai, A.S. Introduction. In Bharat, S., and Desai, A.S. (co-ed.). The Indian Parsis: Themes Old and New. Volume 1, pp. 1-20. New Delhi: Sage

2017. Bharat, S. Lowest-low fertility (LLF) and the Parsis: Commonalities and differences with other LLF countries. In Bharat, S., and Desai, A.S. (ed.). The Indian Parsis: Themes Old and New. Volume 1, Pp. 58-84. New Delhi: Sage

2016. Suryawanshi, D., Patel SK, Sharma V, Adhikary R, Bharat S (2016) Association between Community Collectivization and Mental Depression among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Andhra Pradesh, India. Health Care Current Reviews 4: 176. doi: 10.4172/2375-4273.1000176

2016. Garrido-Hernansaiz, H., Heylen, E., Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., & Ekstrand, M. Stigmas, symptom severity and perceived social support predict quality of life for PLHIV in urban Indian context. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 14, 152, doi: 10.1186/s12955-016-0556-x, November 2016

2016. Suryawanshi, D., Patel S.K., Adhikary, S., and Bharat, S. Does mass-media public communication campaign normalise discussion, behaviour and attitude about condom use among married men in India? Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, 7, 599. doi: 10.4172/2155-6113.1000599, July 2016

2016. Bandewar, S V., Bharat, S., Kongelf, A., Pisal H., Collumbien, M. Considering risk contexts in explaining the paradoxical HIV increase among female sex workers in Mumbai and Thane, India. BMC Public Health, DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-2737-2. Published on 28 Jan 2016. 1-9.

2015. Suryawanshi, D., Sharma, V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat, S. Factors associated with the likelihood of further movement among mobile female sex workers in India: A multinomial logit approach. Journal of Bio-Social Science, doi:10.1017/S0021932015000267

2015. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P.A., Shanmugham, M., Mengie, S., Verghese, V., Nelson, R., Bharat, S. Acceptability of HIV pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and implementation challenges among MSM in India: A qualitative investigation. AIDS Patient Care & STDs, 29(10), 1-9.

2015. Behera, D., Bharat, S., Gawde, N.C. Induced abortion practices in an urban Indian slum: Exploring reasons, pathways and experiences. Journal of Family & Reproductive Health, 9(3), 129-135.

2015. Sinha A., Chandhiok N., Sahay, S., Deb, S., Bharat, S., Gupta, A., et al. Male circumcision for HIV/AIDS in India: Emerging viewpoints and practices of health care providers. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1039957

2015. Kongelf, A; Bandewar, S.V.S; Bharat, S., & Collumbien, M. Is scale-up of community mobilisation among sex workers really possible in complex urban environments? The case of Mumbai, India. PLoS One. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121014, March 26, 2015 (open access journal).

2015. Sharma,V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat S. Health care coverage among long distance truck drivers in India: An evaluation based on Tanahashi model. HIV/AIDS Research & Palliative Care (open access journal), 83-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/HIV.S76416.

2015. Sharma,V., Saggurti, N., & Bharat S. Association between system reach and exposure to interventions and characteristics of mobile female sex workers in four high HIV prevalence states of India. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(4), 83-95

2014. Deshpande, S., & Bharat, S. Sexual partner mixing and differentials in consistent condom use among men who have sex with men in Maharashtra, India. Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2014.972968. 6 Nov 2014

2014. Bharat, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen, E., & Ekstrand, M.L. Gender- based attitudes, HIV misconceptions and feelings towards marginalised groups are associated with stigmatisation in Mumbai, India. Journal of Biosocial Science. 10.1017S0021932014000054, 14 Feb 2014

2014. Suryawanshi, D., Mahapatra, B.B., Sharma, V., Anil Kumar, K., Saggurti, N., & Bharat, S. Degree of male mobility as a risk factor for HIV in high In-migration districts of Maharashtra, India. World Journal of AIDS, 2014, 4, 346-355

2014. Sahay S., Nagarajan, K., Mehendale, S., Deb S., Gupta A., Bharat, S., Bhatt, S., Kumar, A.B., Kanthe, V., Sinha, A., & Chnadhiok, N. Community and healthcare providers’ perspectives on male circumcision: A multi-centric qualitative study in India. PLoS ONE 9(3):e91213.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091213

2013. Bharat, S., Mahapatra, B.B., Roy, S., & Saggurti, N. (2013). Are female sex workers able to negotiate condom use with male clients? The case of mobile FSWs in four high prevalence states of India. Plos One, 8(6), e68043

2013. Malave, S., Ramakrishna, J., Heylen, E., Bharat, S., & Ekstrand, M.L. Differences in testing, stigma and perceived consequences of stigmatisation among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in Bengaluru, India. AIDS Care. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2013.819409 (July 2013, 1-9)


Saksham Pravaah – A Global Fund supported Psychosocial counseling intervention for DR TB patients in 4 Indian states (Sub-recipient of Central TB Division, MoH & FW)

Saksham Jan Urja – A Tata Power supported community intervention project for TB prevention and control in M Ward


January, 2012. Understanding the increase in HIV prevalence among FSWs between two rounds of IBBA in Mumbai & Thane: An in-depth exploration. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Completed (with LSHTM, London and others)

September 2012. Access and Utilization of Services for Prevention and Management of Infertility in the Public Health Care Delivery System in India: A multisite study. Co-PI with National Institute of Research in Reproductive Health, Mumbai and others. Funded by UNFPA. Completed.

August, 2011. HIV Related Stigma Research in India: A Research Compendium. UNDP. Completed

August, 2010. Impact assessment of HIV prevention response in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. With LSHTM, London & NARI, India. Completed.

July, 2010. Knowledge Network Project for HIV Prevention Programmatic Learnings. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (With Population Council, New Delhi).

2009. Community and the health providers’ perspectives on male controlled biological option in India (with focus on male circumcision in the context of HIC prevention): An ICMR task force study. (WITH NARI, India-Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi). Completed.

2009 AIDS stigma, gender and health consequences in India. National Institutes of Health (NIH), US (A collaborative project with University of California at San Francisco, US and National Institute of Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, India).

2009 Demographic transition among the Parsi community of India: A study of the familial, marital and socio-psychological dimensions Part II: A Quantitative study. UNESCO/ PARZOR (Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust).

2008 Migration, mobility and HIV: Assessing the patterns and drivers of migration/ mobility of male migrants and examining the links with HIV risk. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Population Council, New Delhi (in collaboration with other TISS faculty)

2007 Demographic transition among the Parsi community of India: A study of the familial, marital and socio-psychological dimensions Part I: A qualitative study. UNESCO/ PARZOR (Sir Dorabjee Tata Trust).


Qualitative Research Methodology (Master’s students of Hospital Administration and Public Health (Health Administration; Social Epidemiology; and Health Policy, Planning and Management)


Public Health Ethics & Legislation (MPH) (co-teacher)

Qualitative Research Methodology (M.Phil.)

Health Research Ethics (M.Phil.)

Email: sbharat[at]tiss[dot]edu



Tel (O) 91-22-25525202

Fax 91-22-25525050